TEMPLATE Vital signs (39e949e6-e686-4610-901f-4e745ef1562f)

TEMPLATE ID39e949e6-e686-4610-901f-4e745ef1562f
ConceptVital signs
DescriptionNot Specified
PurposeNot Specified
References
OtherDetails Language Independent{MetaDataSet:Sample Set =MetaDataSet:Sample Set }
Language useden
Citeable Identifier1013.26.857
AllOperationalTemplate [rootArchetypeId=openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1, otherContributors=null, tshis=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1], code=at0000, itemType=SECTION, level=0, text=Vital signs, description=A group of observations that are recorded at the same time and record the blood pressure, pulse, temperature and other readings, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=SECTION, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1], code=at0000, itemType=OBSERVATION, level=1, text=Blood Pressure, description=The local measurement of arterial blood pressure which is a surrogate for arterial. pressure in the systemic circulation. Most commonly, use of the term 'blood pressure' refers to measurement of brachial artery pressure in the upper arm., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=OBSERVATION, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001], code=at0001, itemType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, level=2, text=Data, description=History Structural node., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006], code=at0006, itemType=EVENT, level=3, text=any event, description=Default event., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=EVENT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003], code=at0003, itemType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, level=4, text=Data, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at0004], code=at0004, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Systolic, description=Peak systemic arterial blood pressure - measured in systolic or contraction phase of the heart cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=0..1000 mm[Hg], extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at0005], code=at0005, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Diastolic, description=Minimum systemic arterial blood pressure - measured in the diastolic or relaxation phase of the heart cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=0..1000 mm[Hg], extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at1006], code=at1006, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Mean Arterial Pressure, description=The average arterial pressure that occurs over the entire course of the heart contraction and relaxation cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=0..1000 mm[Hg], extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at1007], code=at1007, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Pulse Pressure, description=The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=0..1000 mm[Hg], extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at0033], code=at0033, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Comment, description=Comment on blood pressure measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007], code=at0007, itemType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, level=4, text=State, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at0008], code=at0008, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Position, description=The position of the subject at the time of measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Standing  [Standing at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Sitting  [Sitting (for example on bed or chair) at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Reclining  [Reclining at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Lying  [Lying flat at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Lying with tilt to left  [Lying flat with some lateral tilt, usually angled towards the left side. Commonly required in the last trimester of pregnancy to relieve aortocaval compression.]
Assumed value: Sitting, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at1052], code=at1052, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Confounding factors, description=Comment on and record other incidental factors that may be contributing to the blood pressure measurement. For example, level of anxiety or 'white coat syndrome'; pain or fever; changes in atmospheric pressure etc., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at1043], code=at1043, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Sleep status, description=Sleep status - supports interpretation of 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure records., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Alert & awake  [Subject is fully conscious.]
  • Sleeping  [Subject is in the natural state of bodily rest.]
Assumed value: Alert & awake, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at1005], code=at1005, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Tilt, description=The craniocaudal tilt of the surface on which the person is lying at the time of measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=-90..90 °
Assumed value: 0 °, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042], code=at1042, itemType=INTERVAL_EVENT, level=3, text=24 hour average, description=Estimate of the average blood pressure over a 24 hour period., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=INTERVAL_EVENT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/data[at0003], code=at0003, itemType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, level=4, text=Data, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/data[at0003]/items[at0004], code=at0004, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Systolic, description=Peak systemic arterial blood pressure - measured in systolic or contraction phase of the heart cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=0..1000 mm[Hg], extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/data[at0003]/items[at0005], code=at0005, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Diastolic, description=Minimum systemic arterial blood pressure - measured in the diastolic or relaxation phase of the heart cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=0..1000 mm[Hg], extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/data[at0003]/items[at1006], code=at1006, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Mean Arterial Pressure, description=The average arterial pressure that occurs over the entire course of the heart contraction and relaxation cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=0..1000 mm[Hg], extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/data[at0003]/items[at1007], code=at1007, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Pulse Pressure, description=The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=0..1000 mm[Hg], extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/data[at0003]/items[at0033], code=at0033, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Comment, description=Comment on blood pressure measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/state[at0007], code=at0007, itemType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, level=4, text=State, description=, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/state[at0007]/items[at0008], code=at0008, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Position, description=The position of the subject at the time of measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Standing  [Standing at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Sitting  [Sitting (for example on bed or chair) at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Reclining  [Reclining at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Lying  [Lying flat at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Lying with tilt to left  [Lying flat with some lateral tilt, usually angled towards the left side. Commonly required in the last trimester of pregnancy to relieve aortocaval compression.]
Assumed value: Sitting, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/state[at0007]/items[at1052], code=at1052, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Confounding factors, description=Comment on and record other incidental factors that may be contributing to the blood pressure measurement. For example, level of anxiety or 'white coat syndrome'; pain or fever; changes in atmospheric pressure etc., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/state[at0007]/items[at1043], code=at1043, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Sleep status, description=Sleep status - supports interpretation of 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure records., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Alert & awake  [Subject is fully conscious.]
  • Sleeping  [Subject is in the natural state of bodily rest.]
Assumed value: Alert & awake, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/data[at0001]/events[at1042]/state[at0007]/items[at1005], code=at1005, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Tilt, description=The craniocaudal tilt of the surface on which the person is lying at the time of measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=-90..90 °
Assumed value: 0 °, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/protocol[at0011], code=at0011, itemType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, level=2, text=Protocol, description=List structure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=UNSUPPORTEDTOPLEVELATTRIBUTE, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/protocol[at0011]/items[at0013], code=at0013, itemType=ELEMENT, level=3, text=Cuff size, description=The size of the cuff used for blood pressure measurement., comment=Perloff D, Grim C, Flack J, Frohlich ED, Hill M, McDonald M, Morgenstern BZ. Human blood pressure determination by sphygmomanometry. Circulation 1993;88;2460-2470., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Adult Thigh  [A cuff used for an adult thigh - bladder approx 20cm x 42cm.]
  • Large Adult  [A cuff for adults with larger arms - bladder approx 16cm x 38cm.]
  • Adult  [A cuff that is standard for an adult - bladder approx 13cm x 30cm.]
  • Small Adult  [A cuff used for a small adult - bladder approx 10cm x 24cm.]
  • Paediatric/Child  [A cuff that is appropriate for a child or adult with a thin arm - bladder approx 8cm x 21cm.]
  • Infant  [A cuff used for infants - bladder approx 5cm x 15cm.]
  • Neonatal  [A cuff used for a neonate, assuming cuff is the appropriate size for maturity and birthweight of the neonate.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/protocol[at0011]/items[at1033], code=at1033, itemType=CLUSTER, level=3, text=Location, description=Body location where blood pressure is measured. Use 'Location of measurement' to select from common sites. Use 'Specific location' to record more specific details or a site that is not in the common set or to refer to an external terminology., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/protocol[at0011]/items[at1033]/items[at0014], code=at0014, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Location of measurement, description=Common body sites where blood pressure is recorded., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Right arm  [The right arm of the person.]
  • Left arm  [The left arm of the person.]
  • Right thigh  [The right thigh of the person.]
  • Left thigh  [The left thigh of the person.]
  • Right wrist  [The right wrist of the subject.]
  • Left wrist  [The left wrist of the subject.]
  • Right ankle  [The right ankle of the subject.]
  • Left ankle  [The left ankle of the subject.]
  • Finger  [A finger of the subject. Identification of the finger can be recorded in 'Specific Location' data element, if required.]
  • Toe  [A toe of the subject. Identification of the toe can be recorded in 'Specific Location' data element, if required.]
  • Intra-arterial  [Invasive measurement via transducer access line within an artery. Location of the transducer can be recorded in 'Specific Location' data element, if required.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/protocol[at0011]/items[at1033]/items[at1034], code=at1034, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Specific location, description=Specific details about the body site where blood pressure is recorded., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=[openEHR-EHR-SECTION.vital_signs.v1]/items[openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v1]/protocol[at0011]/items[at1035], code=at1035, itemType=ELEMENT, level=3, text=Method, description=Method of measurement of blood pressure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=null, occurencesText=null, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Auscultation  [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using a stethoscope and Korotkoff sounds.]
  • Palpation  [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using palpation (usually of the brachial or radial arteries).]
  • Machine  [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using a blood pressure machine.]
  • Invasive  [Method of measuring blood pressure internally ie involving penetration of the skin and measuring inside blood vessels.]
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  • Phase IV  [The fourth Korotkoff sound is identified as an abrupt muffling of sounds.]
  • Phase V  [The fifth Korotkoff sound is identified by absence of sounds as the cuff pressure drops below the diastolic blood pressure.]
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